Minimal Access Surgery

Minimal Access Surgery

The Department of Minimal Access Surgery (MAS) at Mediheal offers a full spectrum of specialized surgeries – general and minimal access and gastrointestinal surgery. MAS is a process where the surgeons make a keyhole-sized incision and perform surgeries on internal organs leaving a small scar as against the conventional/open surgeries where surgeons performed large incisions. The department is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment to perform simple and complex surgeries ideal for improving the patient’s health at every stage.

MEDMAS located at Nairobi Parklands is a center that is dedicated to Minimal Access Surgery.

A team of pathologists, microbiologists, biochemists and clinical pathologists work together following all standard protocols for conducting tests.

Infection control practices as prescribed by the World Health Organisation and Centre for Disease Control, Atlanta, USA are meticulously followed. These practices are continuously monitored so that patients are offered the best practices in prevention and transmission of diseases.

The services offered under laboratory medicine are:


The Laparoscopy Department is equipped with the latest technology and infrastructure, supported by an experienced team of surgeons. The department specializes in performing all major surgeries involving abdomen, skin, breast, soft tissues, and hernia. Laparoscopic surgery is also known as key-hole surgery or minimally invasive surgery. It is widely used in Gynecology, Gastroenterology and Urology. Patients receive specialized assessment, latest treatments along with clinical post-operative care, medications and a regular follow-up. The advantages of this technique over traditional open surgery include a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery time; less pain and bleeding after the operation; and reduced scarring.


Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. An bronchoscope is inserted into the airways, usually through the nose or mouth, or occasionally through a tracheostomy. This allows the practitioner to examine the patient’s airways for abnormalities such as foreign bodies, bleeding, tumors, or inflammation. Specimens may be taken from inside the lungs. This department in Mediheal specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of several lung and respiratory diseases.


Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure on a joint in which an examination and sometimes treatment of damage is performed using an arthroscope, an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. This is a surgical procedure orthopedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint.

In an arthroscopic examination, an orthopaedic surgeon makes a small incision in the patient’s skin and then inserts pencil-sized instruments that contain a small lens and lighting system to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint. Light is transmitted through fiber optics to the end of the arthroscope that is inserted into the joint.

The Orthopedics department at Mediheal use this form of MAS to treat knee and joint related problems.


This procedure is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for viewing the inside of the uterus. Hysteroscopy is performed by inserting a visualizing scope through the vagina and into the cervical opening. Hysteroscopy allows visualization of the inside of the uterus, including the openings to the Fallopian tubes, as well as direct examination of the cervix, cervical canal, and vagina. This procedure is conducted by the gynecologists to diagnose problems such as:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Retained placenta or products of conception after a birth or miscarriage
  • Congenital (inborn) anatomical abnormalities of the female genital tract
  • Scarring, or adhesions, from previous uterine surgery or instrumentation such as dilation and curettage (D&C)
  • Polyps or fibroid tumors inside the cervical canal or inside the uterine cavity

GI Endoscopy

Gastro Intestinal endoscopy is a procedure that enables the examiner (usually a gastroenterologist) to examine the esophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, and duodenum (first portion of small bowel) using a thin, flexible tube called the upper endoscope through which the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum can be viewed. It can be broadly classified into Upper GI and Lower GI or Colonoscopy.

This procedure is mainly carried out by the department of Gastroenterology to detect and treat problems in the gastro-intestinal tract.

Neuro and Spine Endoscopy

Neuro-endoscopy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure in which the neurosurgeon removes the tumor through small holes (about the size of a dime) in the skull or through the mouth or nose. Neuro-endoscopy enables neurosurgeons to: Access areas of the brain that cannot be reached with traditional surgery.

Spine endoscopy is a procedure in which a small endoscope is passed up through the tailbone into the epidural space. This allows for direct video imaging of the inside of the spinal canal. Spinal endoscopy is also known as epiduroscopy because the endoscope is looking into the epidural space. During a spinal endoscopy, an attempt to remove some of the scar tissue or adhesions from around trapped nerves. The spinal endoscopy may allow medications to better reach the affected areas, especially the spinal nerve roots.

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