Latest News

Hypertension Knowledge and Awareness, (World Hypertension Day 2021)

Dr. G. B Mahapatra, MBBS , MD in Internal Medicine, Medical Director & Sr. Consultant Physician at Mediheal Group of Hopsitals, Parklands, Nairobi,  sheds light on Hypertension.


(Featured on Citizen TV Kenya): Hypertension is Kenyans’ silent killer as many unknowingly live with the condition.

 


(Featured on K24 TV Kenya)-Swahili: Vifo 758 vya COVID-19 vilichangiwa na Shinikizo ya Damu


(K24 TV Kenya)-English: Hypertension is Kenyans’ silent killer as many unknowingly live with the condition

 

Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask questions about your medical history and do a physical examination. The doctor, nurse or other medical assistant will place an inflatable arm cuff around your arm and measure your blood pressure using a pressure-measuring gauge.

Your blood pressure generally should be measured in both arms to determine if there is a difference. It’s important to use an appropriate-sized arm cuff.

Blood pressure measurements fall into several categories:

  • Normal blood pressure. Your blood pressure is normal if it’s below 120/80 mm Hg.
  • Elevated blood pressure. Elevated blood pressure is a systolic pressure ranging from 120 to 129 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure below (not above) 80 mm Hg. Elevated blood pressure tends to get worse over time unless steps are taken to control blood pressure. Elevated blood pressure may also be called prehypertension.
  • Stage 1 hypertension. Stage 1 hypertension is a systolic pressure ranging from 130 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure ranging from 80 to 89 mm Hg.
  • Stage 2 hypertension. More-severe hypertension, stage 2 hypertension is a systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher or a diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher.
  • Hypertensive crisis. A blood pressure measurement higher than 180/120 mm Hg is an emergency situation that requires urgent medical care. If you get this result when you take your blood pressure at home, wait five minutes and retest. If your blood pressure is still this high, contact your doctor immediately. If you also have chest pain, vision problems, numbness or weakness, breathing difficulty, or any other signs and symptoms of a stroke or heart attack, call your local emergency medical number.

Both numbers in a blood pressure reading are important. But after age 50, the systolic reading is even more important. Isolated systolic hypertension is a condition in which the diastolic pressure is normal (less than 80 mm Hg) but systolic pressure is high (greater than or equal to 130 mm Hg). This is a common type of high blood pressure among people older than 65.

Because blood pressure normally varies during the day and may increase during a doctor visit (white coat hypertension), your doctor will likely take several blood pressure readings at three or more separate appointments before diagnosing you with high blood pressure.

 

 

 

 

Back to News Page

Post a comment

avatar
5000

Dear user, didn’t find what you were looking for?

For Quick Assistance call us:

Eldoret:+254 723 578 895
Nairobi:+254 722 218 416
Nakuru:+254 735 000 735
Eastleigh:+254 781 445 566